The influence of music on the psyche and the human body (1 photo)


Judging by the number of studies on the impact of music on physiological and psychological aspects of our lives, we know a lot (and at the same time, do not know much) about how music affects the mind and body. «The better we understand the nature of music and where it comes from, the better we may understand your own motivations, fears, desires, memories, and even communication in a very broad sense,» says neuroscientist Daniel Levitin

Levitin asks, «what is more like listening to music, eating food to satisfy hunger? Or admiring a sunset or scratching the back, which activates the pleasure centers in the brain?» The truth is that the results of the effects of music varied. However, in recent years, scientists have achieved unprecedented heights in the understanding of how the human brain responds to music and how sound affects not only the mind but also the body.

Here are a few examples.

Music will make you smarter

It is no secret that music has a strong impact on human thought, making aktiviziruyutsya different parts of the brain, remembered motifs and texts. Different melodies and rhythms evoke different emotional responses. Proven, even, that surrounding noise average volume increase creativity, and listening to music helps with brain injuries.

For musicians the situation is even better, especially for those who play musical instruments since childhood. According to some studies, the study of music contributes to sustainable development techniques and non-verbal thinking. In his interview to the edition «News in Health» neurocity of Harvard medical school’s Dr. Gottfried Shlaug (Gottfried Schlaug) argues that the musicians of the composition of the nerves is not the same as people not related to music. He refers to the studies where it says that in the brain of a musician more vascular and nerve bundles that connect the left hemisphere with the right.

«When composing music aktiviziruyutsya different parts of the brain, including visual, auditory and motor, says Slaugh. Therefore, writing melodies is of potential interest for the treatment of nervous disorders».

From the sad music doesn’t always feel sad

According to a study published in «Frontiers in Psychology» in 2013, from the sad music you will want to cry. The results show that music causes two types of emotions: recognized and experienced. This means that, although many people really feel sad, listening to sad music, the process of listening is not emotionally-depressive color.

The results of the study, 44 people showed that the «sad music, though, and was perceived as tragic, however, when listening to people have experienced romance, fun and a lot less sad emotions, than how they perceived the composition of the cognitive position.» Thus, when listening to sad music, participants experienced ambivalent feelings.

Music produces a positive therapeutic effect

Since ancient times music used in cleansing rituals around the world, and science believes that this is no accident. In the study «the Impact of music on human body and mind» don Kent (Dawn Kent), which he held in 2006 at Harvard, says that Plato proposes to use music to treat anxiety, and Aristotle considered music a tool for getting rid of unstable emotional background. In Ancient Greece Apollo was the God of both music and health.

«Music has noticeable physiological effects on many biological processes, says the study Kent. — It reduces tiredness, changes the heart rate and clears the breath pressure, plus having psihoorganiceski effect.»As evidence, Kent gives references to the book of Michel Lefebvre (Michelle Lefevre) «Playing with sound: the use of music for therapeutic purposes through interaction with children» (Playing With Sound: The Therapeutic Use of Music in Direct Work With Children), published in 2004. It says that shrill tone and loud chatter can cause panic and increase anxiety.

One theory even describes a «Mozart Effect»: the study confirmed that when listening to the infamous «Sonata for 2 piano d major» patients had signs of epileptic seizures, even those who were in a coma.

The music really sets the mood
«Music can increase libido,» — said Levan Curtis (Curtis Levang), a clinical psychologist and family consultant, edition of «Everyday Health». Urologist Th. Mark Hong (Y. Mark Hong) has also published his opinion: he explained that music and sex are similar in the sense that they cause strong emotional responses. Therefore, he said, it is really using the music to raise the level of serotonin in the blood and thus help men with low testosterone levels.

Moreover, music can help to achieve success on the first date. According to a study conducted in France, single women, listening to romantic music, much more willing to give your phone number unlike those who listened to something neutral.

Music will help to bring the case to the end
Different studies have shown that music increases endurance and helps us to more effectively spend the energy during exercise. In one study, 2012 entitled «let’s sport: the psychology of music for effective training» (Let’s Get Physical: The Psychology of Effective Workout Music) it is alleged that the cyclist twisting pedals to music, consume 7% less oxygen than those who are not using the music to align the rhythm.

In a paper published in the journal «Scientific America», States that the frequency of beats per minute (bpm) in the song has a motivational effect, but only up to a certain limit.»In the latest study argues that the ceiling is 145 beats per minute, anything above not much will increase motivation. In some cases, the speed and smoothness of the lyrics begins to oust melody: many people operate under the rap, for example, characterized by an intense and rhythmic texts, relied on a relatively quiet tune.»

For example, in the songs «Born to Run» Bruce Springsteen, «Don’t Make Me a Target» and Spoon’s «Do You Wanna Dance» Beach Boys, the frequency of beats per minute or 147.Spotify came to the same conclusion, and last year launched the Spotify service Running, adding to its platform technology to track the runner’s pace and play in a playlist, the songs with the appropriate beats per minute.

Music will help to find yourself
A group of scientists from the University of Missouri conducted a study and proved that music improves mood.

«Our work provides evidence in favor of classes that a lot of people to listen to music to set the mood, writes the study’s lead author yuna Ferguson (Ferguson Yuna) in the press release for «Healtline reports.» — Although attempts to find happiness are often perceived as selfishness, studies show that the state of joy contributes to the growth of the level of socialization, health status, income, and satisfaction with the relationship.»

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